Privilege Chart

various Light Sport Aircraft

written and copyright by Ed Burkhead

Note:  This is a chart of what the aircraft is allowed to do
when flown by an appropriately rated pilot

This now incorporates FAA Order 8130.2F CHG 2

 

SLSA = Special Light Sport Aircraft
    built by factory to consensus standards

dELSA = ELSA downgraded from being an SLSA

kELSA = ELSA aircraft built from a consensus standard kit

gELSA = ELSA aircraft not previously registered and NOT built from a consensus
    standard kit  (i.e. "fat ultralight" or exempted ultralight trainer)

P = Private Pilot (or higher)

R = Recreational Pilot

S = Sport Pilot (or higher rating flying under privileges of Sport Pilot
    i.e. R or P with expired medical)

  SLSA dELSA kELSA gELSA ExpAB
Sport Pilot
limit persons on board
2 2 2 2 2
carrying passenger
for compensation
or hire
Yes No No Training
only, if
No
compensation or
hire
Yes No No Training
only, if
No
in furtherance of
a business
Yes No No Training
only, if
No
night P or (R during
training)
P or (R during
training)
P or (R during
training)
P or (R during
training)
P or (R during
training)
during civil twilight P or S
(R between
sunrise/sunset)
P or S
(R between
sunrise/sunset)
P or S
(R between
sunrise/sunset)
P or S
(R between
sunrise/sunset)
P or S
(R between
sunrise/sunset)
over open air assembly
of persons
No? No No No No
over densely
populated areas (other than during takeoffs and landing)
Yes No No No No
over densely
populated areas
as directed by air
traffic control*
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
over densely
populated areas
during landing and
takeoffs without
needing air traffic
permission
Yes Yes if "sufficent altitude is maintained to effect a safe emergency landing in the event of a power unit failure, without hazard to persons or property on the ground" Yes if "sufficent altitude is maintained to effect a safe emergency landing in the event of a power unit failure, without hazard to persons or property on the ground" Yes if "sufficent altitude is maintained to effect a safe emergency landing in the event of a power unit failure, without hazard to persons or property on the ground" Yes, if "sufficent altitude is maintained to effect a safe emergency landing in the event of a power unit failure, without hazard to persons or property on the ground"
in congested airways Yes No No No No
in congested airways
as directed by air
traffic control*
Yes Yes Yes No Yes
in congested airways
during landing and
takeoffs without
needing air traffic
permission
Yes Yes No No No
Class A airspace P P P P P
Class B, C & D
airspace or airport
with control tower
P or
(R or S with
endorsement)
P or
(R or S with
endorsement)
P or
(R or S with
endorsement)
P or
(R or S with
endorsement)
P or
(R or S with
endorsement)
outside U.S. No, unless
international
agreement
No, unless
international
agreement
No, unless
international
agreement
No, unless
international
agreement
Yes, with permission of the nation's CAA
demo aircraft in flight
if you are salesman
P with
200 hours
P with
200 hours
P with
200 hours
P with
200 hours
P with
200 hours
passenger-carrying
airlift - charity
P P P P P
higher than 10,000' P or (R higher of
10k or 2k agl)
but S never
P or (R higher of
10k or 2k agl)
but S never
P or (R higher of
10k or 2k agl)
but S never
P or (R higher of
10k or 2k agl)
but S never
P or (R higher of
10k or 2k agl)
but S never
visibility < 3 stat miles P P P P P
VFR on top without
reference to ground
P P P P P
VH > 87 kts (100 mph) P, R or
(S with
endorsement)
P, R or
(S with
endorsement)
P, R or
(S with
endorsement)
P, R or
(S with
endorsement)
P, R or
(S with
endorsement)
contrary to aircraft
operating limit
No No No No No
towing any object 91.309 91.319 91.319 91.319 ? no ?

    For instruction and rental only.  For glider towing see 91.319.

    Only if aircraft was previously registered with an organization as an exempted ultralight trainer.

*     FAA Order 8130.2F CHG 2 paragraph 144 (8) Except for takeoffs and landings, this aircraft may not be operated over densely populated areas or in congested airways.  NOTE: This limitation is applicable for phase 1 and 2 and should be issued in accordance with paragraph 135b(1) and (2) of this order.

    FAA Order 8130.2F CHG 2 paragraph 144 (9) This aircraft is prohibited from operating in congested airways or over densely populated areas, unless directed by air traffic control, or unless sufficient altitude is maintained to effect a safe emergency landing in the event of a power unit failure, without hazard to persons or property on the ground.

Note: For a good list of privileges for various pilot licenses, see Pilot Privileges & Limitations
http://www.nappf.com/Pilot%20Privileges%20Limitations.html

Part 103 compliant Ultralights - Ultralights are defined in FAR 103 and have the operating limitation of FAR 103.15 "No person may operate an ultralight vehicle over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement, or over any open air assembly of persons."

gELSA - Ultralight type planes may be registered as ELSA until Oct 31, 2008. They are defined in FAR 21.191(i)(1) and get operating limitation 8 on page 144 of 8130-2F change one.
"This aircraft may not be operated over an open air assembly of persons, over densely populated areas or in congested airways."

kELSA - ELSA built from an approved factory kit are defined in FAR
21.191(i)(2) and get operating limitation 9 on page 145 of 8130-2F change one.
"This aircraft is prohibited from operating in congested airways or over densely populated areas unless directed by air traffic control, and only if sufficient altitude is maintained to effect a safe emergency landing in the event of a power unit failure, without hazzard to persons or property on the ground.

dELSA - ELSA that were orginially factory built SLSA are defined in FAR
21.191(i)(3) and get operating limitation 10 on page 145 of 8130-2F change one.
"Except for takeoffs and landings, this aircraft may not be operated over densely populated areas or in congested airways."

SLSA operating limitations are specified in Paragraph 126 on page
123 of 8130-2F change one. Since they are factory built aircraft, they have no operating limitation over congested areas.

ExpAB - Amateur built experimental operating limitations are specified in paragraph 153(b)(6) on page 162 of 8130-2F.
"This aircraft is prohibited from operating in congested airways or over densely populated areas unless directed by air traffic control, or unless sufficent altitude is maintained to effect a safe emergency landing in the event of a power unit failure, without hazard to persons or property on the ground."